summary book

I’m stuck on a Philosophy question and need an explanation.

Brief summary of chap 8.3 The growth of scientific knowledge

a)present a brief summary of one of the readings for that week. This summary should point out the main question that a philosopher we covered raised, and the main answer s/he gave to that question.

b)comment on how this philosopher’s writing (or Q&A) seems relevant to, or provides answers or insights into, questions or issues that we struggle with today (either personally on an individual level, or collectively on a societal level)

c) three pages essay, double space.

d) using the file attached to write